What a sight in the Atlantic today! Hurricane Teddy has undergone a spectacular extratropical transition prior to dangerous landfall in Nova Scotia, Canada. At the same time, a Tropical Storm Beta made landfall in Texas and brought an extreme amount of rain and flooding. A more than 3000 miles (3500 kilometers) cold front is connecting both tropical systems.

Key Points

 

Hurricane Teddy is expected to finish its transition to a powerful post-tropical cyclone as it moves near or over portions of Atlantic Canada late today through Thursday. The most significant hazard expected from Teddy landfall is large destructive waves forecast along the southern coast of Nova Scotia through Wednesday.

Tropical Storm Watches and Warnings are in effect for portions of Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, and Newfoundland, and heavy rainfall across Atlantic Canada is expected with Teddy through Thursday.

Hurricane Teddy has almost finished its tropical characteristics today. It transitioning into a powerful extratropical cyclone while moving towards the potential dangerous landfall in Nova Scotia, Canada.

The system was still packing the maximum sustained winds of around 80 knots (90 mph) this afternoon, with the minimum central pressure of 956 mbar.

Teddy tandems with Beta. Graphics: Windy.com

A spectacular, textbook frontogenesis with a distinct warm seclusion structure has been clearly visible on satellite imagery. A typical cloud shield has formed over the northwest quadrant where strong upper-level divergence occurs at the head of a warm conveyor belt.

While much cooler and drier air is wrapping around the southern portions of the storm.

The hurricane Teddy has taken on a large comma shape in satellite images, with a huge dry-air intrusion aloft near the center and a cold front on the western side of the cyclone.

Teddy in tandem with Beta

 

What has created an even more spectacular satellite presentation was the actual connection of hurricane Teddy with the landfalling Tropical Storm Beta in Texas. A cold frontal boundary was connecting both systems, which was more than 3500 km (3000 miles) long!

This very long cold front is stretching from the Storm Beta in south Texas towards Cuba and Bermuda then curving back into the northwestern Atlantic. Where it wraps around transitioning hurricane Teddy.

Teddy is heading for a potentially dangerous landfall in Nova Scotia, Atlantic Canada on Wednesday morning. The wind field of Teddy has become even larger with the extratropical transition. Therefore it is quite likely the impact will be severe.

The main threat with hurricane Teddy landfall will be damaging winds, major waves/swell, and potentially destructive storm surge.

Very large swells produced by Teddy are expected to affect portions of Bermuda, the Leeward Islands, the Greater Antilles, the Bahamas, the east coast of the United States, and Atlantic Canada during the next few days.

These swells are expected to cause life-threatening surf and rip current conditions.

See the initial forecast discussion…

 

People across the Atlantic provinces of eastern Canada are preparing for the first hurricane of the season to make landfall in what’s been a very active season so far. Environment Canada has issued a tropical storm watch for all counties along the southern shore of Nova Scotia

A tropical cyclone statement was issued for the remainder of the province, all of Prince Edward Island and parts of Newfoundland and Labrador ahead of Hurricane Teddy’s anticipated arrival on Tuesday.

Large swells produced by Teddy are expected to affect portions of Bermuda, the Leeward Islands, the Greater Antilles, the Bahamas, the east coast of the United States, and Atlantic Canada during the next few days.

These swells could cause life-threatening surf and rip current conditions.

Satellite analysis

 

Hurricane Teddy has grown into a very large system. Its wind is spread across a broad area. The 50-knots winds are expanding through all the quadrants within 65-75 miles radii.

The strongest, hurricane-force winds are spread across the 30-40 miles radii around the center. The wind field is quite symmetrical across all four quadrants.

Teddy has been maintaining its powerful strength over the weekend, with some fluctuations in intensity. A burst of strengthening happened this night to Monday, as it can be well-visible on the attached intensity graphics. Teddy had a temporal Category 3 strength for a short period.

Satellite imagery does reveal a still very impressive outflow pattern of Teddy. Is upper-level ventilation is very healthy in all four quadrants while an upper trough is visible to the northwest of Bermuda.

This will have an effect on Teddy as transformation into an extratropical low is expected before the storm continues towards Canada.

Teddy’s forecast track

 

The National Hurricane Center (NHC) is forecasting Teddy will continue almost due north, to the immediate east of Bermuda on Monday. The system then slightly curves towards north-northwest as the effect of the upper low to its northwest gets in its path.

Teddy will begin its transition into an extratropical low on Tuesday while gradually turning its track again towards the north-northeast. This will also accelerate the storm towards the potentially damaging landfall in Nova Scotia a day after, on Wednesday.

It is likely Teddy will remain at a hurricane strength during its landfall.

The majority of the GEFS model tracks are in an impressive agreement regarding the future behavior and track of Teddy. After the landfall, Teddy will remain a severe extratropical storm while crossing Newfoundland and eject into the Labrador Sea towards the weekend.

Teddy’s dangerous landfall in Canada

 

What is becoming an increasing concern is Teddy’s wind field. Typically, when a tropical system undergoes an extratropical transition, its winds expand even more. Therefore, winds could affect a large area.

The impact of a broad wind field of hurricane Teddy will be severe. Weather models remain in a very good agreement that near hurricane-force winds that are likely along the coast on Nova Scotia, reaching up to around 150 km/h.

Tropical-storm-force winds with around 100 km/h gusts are, however, likely from the Cape Cod to Newfoundland on Wednesday.

Significant wind damage is quite likely to occur along the coast and across Nova Scotia when Teddy pushes through. Significant structural damage is possible as well.

An additional threat will also be excessive rainfall. 100-150 mm of total rain is reasonably possible along Teddy’s track across Nova Scotia and further north-northeast along its future path across eastern Canada. Flash floods are likely to occur.

*extreme* waves are developing with Teddy

 

The large size of Teddy is generating major swell and waves, gradually spreading north towards Bermuda, northeast US coast, and the coast of eastern Canada.

Significant wave heights are expected to develop tonight into Tuesday, potentially up to extreme 15-20 meter heights. This will introduce a significant danger to the ships crossing the channel between Bermuda and Nova Scotia.

Although waves will be slightly lower by the time of likely landfall on Wednesday, around 12 meters high waves should remain. This should introduce a dangerous storm surge along the coast of Nova Scotia and Newfoundland from late Tuesday into Thursday morning.

A large swell, associated with a broad wind field of Teddy, will also spread towards the US East Coast. Some coastal flooding could occur with extreme surf and large swell conditions.

See the previous discussion…

 

On Friday, Teddy was a powerful Category 4 hurricane with a well-defined eye and intense eyewall. It was moving northwestward at around 11 knots forward speed and expected to pass over or very near Bermuda on Monday.

A very rapid intensification has brought the maximum sustained winds to 120 knots (140 mph) and the minimum central pressure around 940-945 mbar by Friday morning. Data was also confirmed by both NOAA hurricane hunters recon flights and Dvorak satellite analysis.

Dvorak analysis has shown a very rapid intensification through Thursday, winds have increased from 80 to 120 knots (so from 90 to 140 mph). That is a very impressive rapid intensification for a 24-hour period.

Overnight to Friday, some fluctuations in intensity has brought the sustained winds a bit lower, to 115 knots. But Teddy remain a very powerful hurricane over the weekend. Teddy has shown its whole majesty during the final light on Thursday. Image provided by Windy.com.

More details:

Other systems in the tropics

 

A Tropical Storm Beta in ongoing along the coast of south Texas and expected to bring flooding threats into the coastal areas. Beta is expected to track with its center along the coast towards Louisiana over the next 2-3 days.

Overall, the Tropical Atlantic has been extremely active lately. All the reserved 21 named for the 2020 hurricane season was already used on Friday, Sept 18th. On this day, for the first time in recorded history, three tropical storms were named – Wilfred, Alpha, and Beta.

The future storms will now, until the end of the season, use the Greek alphabet names. this has happened only once until now, in the very destructive year 2005. Storms Katrina, Irma, and Rita to name a few.