Severe weather outlook – forecast across Europe. This forecast features areas of organized severe weather with risk levels and severe weather threats across the European continent.

SEVERE WEATHER OUTLOOK – DAY 1

 
Valid: 24/08/2020 06 UTC – 25/08/2020 06 UTC
Issued by: Severe Weather Europe
Forecaster: Marko Korošec
 

SUMMARY

 
Severe storms with large hail, torrential rainfall, and severe winds are expected in northern Italy and along the cold front from the Baltic region into northwestern Russia on Monday.
 

Overview of the risk areas across Europe

 
weather forecast
 

Explanations for abbreviations (TSTM, SLGT, ENH, etc.)
 

SYNOPTIC OVERVIEW

 
A large upper-level trough is entering northern Europe, while an associated surface cold front continues further east. It is extending from northwestern Russia across eastern Europe into the northern Balkans and Mediterranean. The upper ridge ahead of the trough is gradually weakening, but a new one is shaping up over southwestern Europe.

FORECAST DISCUSSION

 

+++ Italy, Croatia and Bosnia +++

 
weather forecast area 1
 

ENH risk has been issued for north-central Italy with a threat for severe storms, capable of producing large hail, severe winds, and torrential rainfall.

Storms are expected to form in the moderately sheared and strongly unstable environment again, gradually spreading towards east. Some storms are also possible over the western Balkans higher terrain. Supercell storms are likely and could bring large hail, torrential rainfall, and severe winds.

Storms could merge into a large cluster towards the evening hours while drifting towards the Adriatic Sea.

SLGT/MRGL risks have been issued for areas surrounding the ENH risk area over Italy, and across part of the Balkan with only isolated severe storms possible. Still, some marginally large hail and strong to severe winds will be possible.

 

+++ Belarus, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Finland and northwest Russia +++

 
weather forecast area 2
 

SLGT/MRGL risks have been issued for part of the eastern Baltic region, southeastern Finland into northwestern Russia with a threat for severe storms, capable of producing severe winds, marginal hail, and heavy rainfall.

A strengthening long-wave upper trough over northern Europe will support isolated to possibly scattered storms, mainly during the daytime. Moderate shear but only marginal CAPE could support a few strong multicells and a few supercells. Only marginal hail can occur, so mainly severe wind threat and heavy rain are expected with the strongest cells.

+++ Spain, Morocco and Algeria +++

 
weather forecast area 3
 

SLGT risk has been issued for southeastern Spain with a threat for isolated severe storms, capable of producing severe winds and large hail.

While an upper ridge builds up into Iberia from the west, some isolated storms could develop within northwesterly from over the mountainous terrain of southeast Spain. Around 1500 J/kg of MLCAPE coupled with around 30 knots of shear could support an isolated supercell or two, capable of producing severe winds and large hail.

MRGL risk has been issued for northern Morocco into northern Algeria with isolated severe storms possible. Marginally large hail and severe winds will be possible.

+++ other areas +++

 

TSTM risks have been issued for northern Germany and Poland with a threat for daytime driven storms. Limited shear is present, so the storms should remain sub-severe.
 
Follow & report severe weather events on our Facebook page:

Severe Weather Europe Facebook page

 

*******************
 

 

Understanding Severe Weather Outlook

 

Severe Weather Outlook features areas of organized severe weather with risk levels and severe weather threats. Risk levels are divided into seven categories:

TSTM – Thunderstorms
MRGL – Marginal risk
SLGT – Slight risk
ENH – Enhanced risk
MDT – Moderate risk
HIGH – High risk
SIG – Significant risk
WNTR – Winter risk

Risk categories stand for the coverage and intensity of organized severe weather. Those could include supercells, squall lines, mesoscale convective systems, wind storms, flooding, snowstorms, or ice storms.

Severe weather threats include:
  • large hail (of at least 2 cm in diameter)
  • Tornadoes (including waterspouts)
  • Wind gusts (convective or non-convective) above 25 m/s (or above 90 km/h)
  • Torrential convective precipitation / Flash floods
  • Excessive rainfall (100 mm within 12 hours) / snowfall (50 cm within 12 hours)
Extremely severe weather threats include:
  • Large hail (of at least 5 cm in diameter)
  • Tornadoes of F2 intensity or stronger
  • Wind gusts (convective or non-convective) above 33 m/s (or above 119 km/h) or 12 Bft
  • Torrential convective precipitation / Flash floods
  • Excessive rainfall (150 mm within 12 hours or above ) / snowfall (above 100 cm within 24 hours)

Categories in the forecast represent the chance of severe weather occurring within a 40 km radius from a location. The used level is based on the conversion table of probabilistic risk into the outlook categories. A threat level is upgraded into a higher category if probabilities meet the threshold criteria for the specific threat (e.g. tornado, wind, hail, or rainfall threat).

Each individual threat area includes a detailed forecast map and discussion on the potential of severe weather threats.

Read more: Explanations for abbreviations (TSTM, SLGT, ENH, etc.)